Eating watercress could help protect against cancer and be
particularly beneficial to smokers, according to a new study (February 2007).
The benefits of eating watercress were especially notable
among smokers, the study found
It found the salad leaf contains ingredients that help prevent damage to the
body's cells and DNA.
The research involved 30 men and 30 women, half of whom were smokers. They
ate 85g of watercress a day for eight weeks - the equivalent of a small bag of
pre-prepared salad - in addition to their regular diet.
The benefits of eating watercress were especially notable among smokers, the
This could be because smokers had significantly lower antioxidant levels at
the start of the study compared with non-smokers, owing to their habit, it
Damage to DNA is considered by experts to be an important trigger in the
development of cancer.
The results of blood tests on the participants showed a 22.9 per cent
reduction in DNA damage to white blood cells.
The researchers, from the University of Ulster, also noted a 100 per cent
increase in levels of the molecule lutein and a 33 per cent rise in
beta-carotene, both of which have antioxidant properties.
Antioxidants help cells defend themselves against damage.
The research, which was funded by British watercress suppliers, suggested
that increased concentrations of carotenoids could improve the antioxidant
Carotenoids are naturally occurring food pigments that contain vitamins.
They concluded: "The results support the theory that consumption of
watercress can be linked to a reduced risk of cancer via decreased damage to DNA
and possible modulation of antioxidant status by increasing carotenoid
According to ITN news ,Karol Sikora, professor of cancer medicine at Imperial College, said the
claims were "grossly overstated